Romans 5:12-21 (emphasis added)
Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned— 13 for until the Law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of the offense of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.
15 But the free gift is not like the transgression. For if by the transgression of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abound to the many. 16 The gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned; for on the one hand the judgment arose from one transgression resulting in condemnation, but on the other hand the free gift arose from many transgressions resulting in justification. 17 For if by the transgression of the one, death reigned through the one, much more those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.
18 So then as through one transgression there resulted condemnation to all men, even so through one act of righteousness there resulted justification of life to all men. 19 For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous. 20 The Law came in so that the transgression would increase; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more, 21 so that, as sin reigned in death, even so grace would reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Christmas is coming…Suppose I purchased a gift for you and wrapped it nicely in wrapping paper with a nice ribbon and and a beautiful bow…And I even filled out one of those tags — From: Gregg and To: You and I gave the beautifully wrapped gift to you.
Now, I assume you’d be trilled and excited – and suppose you took the gift home and you placed it in a very prominent place in your home.
And when people came over to your home – you would show them the gift” “Look Pastor Gregg gave me a gift, he must really like me…”
What’s wrong with is picture?
Right, to have been given a gift and never open it and delight in its contents is pretty dumb…But that’s what some people do with their Bibles – they don’t take the time to learn and grow.
The Bible speaks of one main gift. That gift we’ve come to call “The Gospel.” And the essence of the gospel is found in Romans 5:8:
“But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.”
The word “theology” means “the study of God.” We are all theologians. Some people are vocational theologians. Some have more degrees than Fahrenheit and we read their books – but we are all theologians. (The Bible is the only book in existence that necessitates increasing intimacy with the author to fully understand its contents.)
Now the essence of theology is learning how to unwrap the gift of the gospel that God has given us.
Theology matters. Good theology matters.
That’s why we’re taking this time to cover some of the basic, or main doctrines of the Christian faith.
And more than that, I am praying for us that everyone one of us would capture, or obtain a higher view of God. Isaiah 40:9 – “Get yourself up on a high mountain…” (Isaiah 6 as well – Isaiah is undone by a view of the holiness of God…)
This is why I am asking all of us to be praying Ephesians 1:17-19:
“That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you a spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of Him. 18 I pray that the eyes of your heart may be enlightened, so that you will know what is the hope of His calling, what are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints, 19 and what is the surpassing greatness of His power toward us who believe. These are in accordance with the working of the strength of His might…”
The main gift the Bible speaks about is the Person of Jesus Christ. And that because of His great love for you, He condescended to come and live a perfect sinless life and die a horrendous, torturous, murderous death that we might gain access to the very presence of God. The most holy place – the holy of holies. Hebrews 10:19 says it this way:
“We [now] have confidence to enter the holy place by the blood of Jesus.”
What Jesus Christ has done, we call the gospel, or good news.
Many long-time churchgoers have thought of the gospel as the doorway through which we enter the Christian life. What we’ve been trying to say for the last 18 months here at Southside (our theological “reboot”) is that the gospel is not just the doorway, it’s the whole house.
What we’ve been saying is that the whole Bible – from Genesis to Revelation, only has one main, or primary, storyline – and that is: redemption (found in the gospel). There are four sub-themes:
- Our need for redemption
- Our longing for redemption
- The act of our redemption
- And the calling to live in remembrance of our redemption…
Our passage this morning (Rom 5:12-21) contains three paragraphs. Each of these paragraphs say basically the same thing. Paul is very carefully repeating himself to make sure the people understand the gospel. Also, we will see that each paragraph has little different twist to it.
The first paragraph (vs. 12-14) tells us that through one man (Adam) sin entered the world and death spread to all people – “even over those who had not sinned like Adam sinned.” (Now you might be thinking, one guy blew it and we all pay the price? – We’ll get to that…) This paragraph also tells us plainly that Adam is a “type” (or foreshadowing) of Jesus Christ. In Jesus Christ we have a greater Adam – a perfectly obedient Adam.
The second paragraph (vs. 15-17) tells us the same thing – that by the “transgression” (or sin) of the one (Adam) God’s “judgement arose” (or was imposed) and humankind was condemned to die in their sinful condition. Now the twist in this paragraph is that it clearly states what Jesus Christ has accomplished on behalf of the human race. Notice that between verses15-17 the word “gift” is used five times. The fifth use of the word gift identifies what’s in the package: “the gift of righteousness” (notice also that “abundance of grace” is included in the gift package).
The third paragraph (vs. 18-21), again tell us basically the same thing…one sin resulted in the condemnation of the whole human race (again, you might be thinking that is unfair), but here we see yet another facet of the gospel: …Through one act of righteousness there resulted justification of life to all [people].
19 For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous. 20 [the purpose of the Law] The Law came in so that the transgression would increase [there are 613 commandments listed in the Hebrew Scriptures]; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more, 21 so that, as sin reigned in death, even so grace would reign through [Christ’s gift of] righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
With the remainder of our time this morning I’d like to ask and answer 4 questions:
- What is sin?
- Where did sin come from?
- How does sin affect us?
- What has Jesus done?
1. What is sin?
Sin is any failure to conform to the moral law (or standard) of God in act, attitude [i.e., doing the right thing for the wrong reason], or nature.
Sin is defined as a source of action, or an inward element producing [outward] acts. This is what Rom 5:12 means when Paul states, “death spread to all people.”
Grudem describes sin as “the internal character that is the essence of who we are.”
The reason God hates sin is that it directly contradicts everything God is.
2. Where did sin came from?
Satan was the originator of sin. There are three passages that seem to describe the heart of Satan – and the fallen angels who followed him:
Isaiah 14:12-15 — “How you have fallen from heaven, O star of the morning, son of the dawn! You have been cut down to the earth, You who have weakened the nations! 13 “But you said in your heart, ‘I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of God, And I will sit on the mount of assembly In the recesses of the north. 14 ‘I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.’”
2 Peter 2:4 — “For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to pits of darkness, reserved for judgment.”
Jude 6 – “And angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper abode, He has kept in eternal bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day.”
Demons and demonic power are real. Demons oppose and try to destroy every work of God. However, they are limited by God’s control and have limited power (i.e., Job).
(A brief theology of spiritual warfare – don’t attempt to cast out, or fight, the darkness but turn on the Light – invite Jesus. When Light dawns, darkness must flee.)
God has never sinned, nor did God create sin. (Deut 32:4 – “His work is perfect…”). First it was Satan and the other fallen angels, then Adam sinned in the garden. So, we can say that God allowed sin to enter the cosmos – and then the world, but He did not create sin. We call this a paradox – a seeming contradiction – at first glance it appears to be contradictory, but in the end, it is not…
3. How does sin affects us?
Adam’s sin calls into question the very basis for all morality because it gave a different answer to the question, “What is right, and true, and good?”
Sin affects us in that it introduces lust into the human heart. The essential difference between lust and love is that lust is characterized by getting and love is characterized by giving.
Adam’s sin also gave a different answer to the question, “Who am I?” They succumbed to the temptation to “be like God” (Gen 3:5) – attempting to put themselves in the place of God. We are created creatures, not the Creator.
Romans 5 tells us we have what theologians describe as “inherited guilt.” (This is a better term than “original sin”…)
God counted us guilty because of Adam’s sin (Rom 5:18-19).
When Adam sinned God thought of all who descended from Adam as sinners (Rom 5:8 – “While we were yet sinners, Christ died for us”).
All members of the human race were represented by Adam in the time of testing in the Garden (there’s Eden & Gethsemane).
Adam’s sin was imputed to us – God counted Adam’s guilt as belonging to us.
We have been represented by both Adam and Jesus. If we don’t own-up to Adam’s sin, then we cannot receive Christ’s gift…
4. What has Jesus Christ done?
2 Cor 5:21 — He [God] made Him [Christ] who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.
Here is the apostle Paul’s most succinct statement about the meaning of the cross. This could be the shortest, simplest verse among many in the Pauline epistles that help us to define and understand justification.
Its meaning can be summed up in a single principle: substitution.
It describes an exchange that took place through the atonement that Christ offered—our sin for Christ’s righteousness.
Jesus took the place of sinners so that they might stand in His place as a perfectly righteous person.
Please take notice the graphic language: He was made sin (that’s the very epitome of all that is despicable and odious),
So that we might be made righteousness (that’s everything that is good and pure and acceptable in God’s estimation).
This was the exchange: our sin for His righteousness.
Our sin was charged to His account and His righteousness was credited (imputed) to our account.
The effects of what Christ has done on those who believe…
- When we do sin our legal standing before God remains unchanged (Rom 6:23; 8:1).
- When we sin our fellowship with God is disrupted and hindered (Eph 4:30; Rev 3:19)
- Westminster Confession of Faith Chap 11, Sec 5:
Although they never can fall from a state of justification, yet they may, by their sins, fall under God’s fatherly displeasure, and not have the light of His countenance restored unto them, until they humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance.
- There is a danger of some being “Unconverted Evangelicals”…
While a genuine Christian who sins does not lose his or her justification or adoption before God, there needs to be a clear warning that mere association with an evangelical church and outward conformity to “accepted” “Christian” patterns of behavior does not guarantee salvation.
A consistent pattern of disobedience to Christ coupled with a lack of the elements of the fruit of the Holy Spirit is a warning signal that a person is probably not a true Christian inwardly.